time

Definitions

General English

  • noun a particular point in the day shown in hours and minutes
  • noun an amount of hours, days, weeks, months or years that is available for someone to do something
  • noun a certain period
  • noun a particular moment when something happens
  • noun a period when things are pleasant or bad
  • noun one of several moments or periods when something happens
  • noun the rhythm of a piece of music

General Science

  • noun a dimension that relates the occurrence of events, expressed in intervals such as hours, minutes and seconds

Accounting

  • noun the number of hours worked

Commerce

  • noun a hour of the day (such as 9.00, 12.15, ten o’clock at night, etc.)
  • noun a system of hours on the clock

Computing

Construction

  • Term used in construction contracts to refer to limits or periods by or during which certain activities will take place. The statement, "time is of the essence of the contract" is used to indicate that the parties consider timely performance an essential element in the performance of the work.

Electronics

  • A dimension that enables two otherwise identical events occurring at the same point in space to be distinguished. Time orders the sequence of these events.
  • A measure of the duration of one or more actions, processes, events, or the like.
  • A measure of the time (1) that elapses between actions, processes, events, or the like.
  • The instant at which a given action, process, event, or the like, occurs.
  • A specific instant within a day, based on a given parameter or phenomena. For example, standard time is based on a celestial parameter, and atomic time is based on the natural resonance frequencies of atoms.

Health Economics

  • (written as Time)
    Time plays at least four distinct roles in economics. First, it enters most economic functional relationships either because one is considering rates of consumption (e.g. of drugs per week) or rates of inputs (e.g. so many X-ray machine hours per year) or rates of enjoyment of particular states (e.g. such and such a state of health for one year) or because one is considering entities at a particular point in time, such as stocks of health. Second, time enters explicitly as a factor in intertemporal choice theory, concerning the optimal pattern of consumption, investment, or the use of a resource over time. Third, time is used to classify 'runs' in production theory, as in short run and long run. Fourth, time is itself a kind of resource having opportunity costs and it can be either efficiently or inefficiently utilized; thus, patient's time is an inherent part of many processes of healing, as it is frequently an inherent part of gaining access to health care (waiting).

Publishing

  • noun hours worked by a person

Travel

  • noun the period that is needed for something to take place, e.g. one hour, two days, fifty minutes

Origin & History of “time”

Time originally denoted ‘delimited section of existence, period’. Its ultimate source is the Indo-European base *- ‘cut up, divide’. this passed into prehistoric Germanic as *- (source also of English tide), and addition of the suffix *-mon- produced *tīmon – whence English time and Swedish timme ‘hour’. The application of the word to the more generalized, abstract notion of ‘continuous duration’ dates from the 14th century.
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