- adverb a mode of dismissal in which an incoming batsman may be given out if he is not ‘in position to take guard or for his partner to be ready to receive the next ball within 3 minutes of the fall of the previous wicket’ (Law 31 § 1). A dismissal under this law is entered in the scorebook as ‘timed out’ and the wicket is not credited to the bowler. ‘Timed out’ is the newest form of dismissal (it was introduced in 1980) and there have only been four instances of it in first-class cricket (none in Tests). Before its introduction there had always been a provision in the Laws (dating back to the original code of 1744) for a maximum interval of two minutes for each fresh batsman to come to the wicket, but a breach of this time allowance did not carry the threat of dismissal. In theory, it could entail the even more dire consequence of the match being awarded to the other side, if the umpires were satisfied that ‘the delay of the individual amounts to a refusal of the batting side to continue play’ (1947 code). In practice, however, this draconian penalty was rarely if ever imposed.