tongue

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun a muscular organ in the mouth, used during eating to move food and, in humans, to produce speech sounds
  • noun a narrow strip of land that sticks out into water

Construction

  • One edge of a piece of lumber that has been rabbeted from opposite faces, leaving a projection intended to fit into a groove cut into another board.

Food

  • The tongues of cattle and lambs usually soaked, cleaned, simmered with a bouquet garni and aromatic vegetables until tender, skinned and the meat pressed in a basin to cool and set in the natural jelly. Sliced and eaten as a cold meat or julienned for use as a garnish.

Medical

  • noun the long muscular organ inside the mouth which can move and is used for tasting, swallowing and speaking. The top surface is covered with papillae, some of which contain taste buds.

Origin & History of “tongue”

Tongue is a general Germanic word, with relatives in German zunge, Dutch tong, Swedish tonga, and Danish tonge. these all evolved from a prehistoric Germanic *tunggōn, whose ultimate ancestor was Indo-European *dnghwā-. this also produced Latin lingua ‘tongue, language’ (source of English language, linguistic, etc), Welsh tafod ‘tongue’, Russian jazyk ‘tongue’, etc.
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