turbine

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun a mechanical device which converts moving liquid, steam or air into energy by turning a generator

Aviation

  • noun a rotary motor or engine formed of a wheel driven by a flow of air or gas

Cars & Driving

  • noun a machine which produces power by the action of water, steam, gas, etc. turning a wheel with blades

Construction

  • Any of various machines that convert the kinetic energy of a moving fluid to mechanical energy. The turbine is often used for driving an electric generator.

Origin & History of “turbine”

Latin turbō denoted ‘whirl’, ‘whirling thing’, or ‘whirlwind’, and also ‘spinning-top’ (it was related to turba ‘disturbance, crowd’, source of English disturb, trouble, etc). From it around 1824 was coined French turbine, applied originally to a revolving wheel on an axis, driven by water-pressure. It was borrowed into English in the early 1840s.
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