up

Definitions

General English

  • adverb in or to a high place
  • adverb completely, entirely
  • adverb happening in an unpleasant or dangerous way

Banking

  • adverb in or to a higher position

Computing

Cricket

  • adjective (of a catchable ball) carrying to the fielder without bouncing
  • adverb pitching relatively close to the batsman’s wicket
    Citation ‘The spinner bowls further “up” the pitch and therefore there is less distance (between pitching and making contact with the striker) for the umpire to observe deviation’ (Oslear & Mosey 1993)

Electronics

Human Resources

  • verb to increase

Information & Library Science

  • adjective possessing up to date or accurate information

Publishing

  • suffix
    (written as -up)
    referring to the number of plates printed at one time on one side of a sheet

Slang

  • adjective ‘dried’, having forgotten one’s lines. A theatrical term of uncertain origin.
  • adjective exhilarated or intoxicated, high

Origin & History of “up”

Up is part of a widespread family of Germanic adverbs which also includes German auf, Dutch and Danish op, and Swedish upp. It goes back ultimately to Indo-European *up-, which also produced English over and the prefixes hyper- and super- and may lie behind English evil. To open something is etymologically to put it ‘up’.
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