wind

Definitions

General English

General Science

  • noun gas which builds up in the stomach and intestines during the digestion of food

Agriculture

  • noun air which moves in the lower atmosphere, or a stream of air

Astronomy

  • (written as Wind)
    NASA satellite for exploring the solar wind, launched in 1995 to take up a position at the L1 point in the Earth-Moon system. Its instruments look at protons, electrons and the other components of the solar wind as well as gamma rays and magnetic fields.

Aviation

Medical

  • noun gas which forms in the digestive system and escapes through the anus
  • noun an uncomfortable feeling caused by the accumulation of gas in the upper digestive system

Sports

  • noun the power to breathe, especially when making an effort such as running
  • verb to make someone temporarily unable to breathe properly, e.g. because of too much exertion or by a blow to the abdomen

Origin & History of “wind”

English has three distinct words wind. The noun, ‘moving air’ (OE), came from a prehistoric Germanic *windaz, which also produced German and Dutch wind and Swedish and Danish vind. this in turn went back to Indo-European *went-, whose other descendants include Latin ventus (source of English vent, ventilate, etc) and Welsh gwynt. And *went- itself was derived from the base *we- ‘blow’, source also of Greek aḗtēs ‘wind’ and ā́ēr ‘air’ (from which English gets air), Sanskrit vā́tas ‘wind’, and Russian vejat’ ‘blow’. The now archaic verb wind ‘blow a horn’ (16th c.), for all that it rhymes with wind ‘wrap round’, was derived from the noun wind. Wind ‘wrap round’ (OE) originally meant ‘go in a particular direction’; ‘wrap’ did not emerge until the 14th century, via an intermediate ‘go in a circle’. It came from a prehistoric Germanic *windon (source also of German and Dutch winden, Swedish vinda, and Danish vinde), which was formed from a variant of the base which produced English wand, wander, and wend.
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