General English

  • noun something which has been made, painted or written by someone
  • verb to use your strength or brain to do something
  • verb to operate in the usual way
  • verb to make a machine operate
  • verb to have the desired effect or result
  • noun the twenty-third letter of the alphabet, between V and X

General Science

  • noun energy used when something is forced to move


  • verb to cultivate land


  • noun the operation of a force to produce movement or some other physical change


  • noun things done using the hands or brain
  • noun a job, something done to earn money


  • verb to do things with your hands or brain, for money
  • verb to have a paid job


  • All labor and materials required to complete a project in accordance with the contract documents.
  • The product of a force times the distance traveled.


  • noun spin imparted to the ball or the resulting deviation of the ball on pitching; break
    Citation ‘On a wicket where an off-break bowler can get much work on the ball, it is sure to be frequently played towards short-leg’ (Ranjitsinhji 1897)
    Citation ‘He appears to be a roller rather than a spinner, but is said to get a bit more work into his googly’ (Peebles 1959)
  • verb to deflect the ball off a more or less straight bat, sending it along the ground especially into the leg-side area
    Citation ‘Phillips … produced many attractive strokes, particularly square-cuts and off-drives, and worked the ball off his legs well’ (WCM January 1984)
    Citation ‘If the wicket, for instance, is certified damp the batsmen stay on the back foot and forget the drive, preferring to work the ball away square of the wicket’ (Amrit Mathur, Sportstar [Chennai] 16 July 1994)
    Citation ‘The way that Mahela Jayawardene worked the ball into the gaps during the middle stages provided an object lesson in technique and composure’ (Richard Hobson, Cricinfo Magazine August 2006)
  • verb to change direction after pitching; break
    Citation ‘A ball that twists after pitching is said to “work” in or off as it turns either towards or from the wicket’ (G. H. Selkirk, Guide to the cricket Ground 1867)


  • Its symbol is W. A transfer of energy from one body or system to another, which results from one body or system exerting a force which moves the other in the direction of said force. It calculated by the following formula: W = Fd, where F is force, and d is distance. Its SI unit it the joule, but various other units are often encountered, such as ergs, calories, kilogram-meters, or electronvolts.
  • To function or operate. Also, proper function or operation.
  • To cause to function or operate.
  • symbolW

Information & Library Science


  • verb to exert physical or mental effort in order to do, make or accomplish something, or make someone do this
  • verb to move or exercise a muscle or part of the body, or be moved or exercised

Origin & History of “work”

Work is at the centre of a small family of English words that go back ultimately to Indo-European *werg-, *worg- ‘do, work’ (other members include energy, organ, and orgy). From this base was formed the noun *wergon, which passed into prehistoric Germanic as *werkam, and evolved from there into German and Dutch werk, Swedish verk, and English work. Wright ‘craftsman’ (OE) (which now survives only in compounds) comes from the same source (with the transposition of r and the vowel), as does wrought, originally the past participle of the verb work.