• A method of reproducing images utilizing electricity and light. In it, a photoconductive surface, usually a drum, is positively charged with static electricity, then exposed to an optical image of that which is to be reproduced, forming a corresponding electrostatic pattern. A fine powder called toner, which has been negatively charged, is spread over this surface, adhering only to the charged areas of the drum. The toner is then fused to the paper, which has been positively charged, forming the final image. Used, for instance, in laser printers and copy machines. Also called electrophotography.

Media Studies

  • noun photocopying using an electrically-charged plate to transfer ink powder to paper


  • noun a copying method that relies on powdered ink being attracted to charged areas of an image