yield

Definitions

General English

  • verb to do or agree to do something that you have been trying not to do

Agriculture

  • noun the quantity of a crop or a product produced from a plant or from an area of land
  • verb to produce a quantity of a crop or a product

Banking

  • verb to produce an amount or percentage as interest or dividend

Construction

  • The volume of freshly mixed concrete produced from a known quantity of ingredients.
  • The total weight of ingredients divided by the unit weight of the freshly mixed concrete.
  • The number of product units, such as block, produced per bag of cement or per batch of concrete.
  • A rate of return as calculated by the profit earned on an investment over a specified period of time.

Economics

  • noun an amount of money produced as a return on an investment, shown as a percentage of the money invested
  • verb to produce money as a return on an investment

Electronics

  • The quantity or product obtained from a reaction or process. For example, the number of electrons released by a photocathode, per photon of incident radiation. Also, a proportion obtained in relation to a theoretical maximum. For example, the percentage of operational chips out of all chips manufactured.

Food

  • The number of servings or portions obtained from a given recipe or amount of food

Military

  • noun the amount of explosive power produced by a nuclear weapon

Real Estate

  • noun a return on an investment in the form of interest or dividends

Travel

  • noun money produced as a return on an investment, i.e. revenue from sales minus operating costs and cost of sales

Wine

  • the amount of grapes that are produced by a vine or by an area of land planted with vines. A yield is normally measured in hectolitres per hectare (though in the US and Australia it is measured in tons per acre), where one hectolitre of grapes per hectare would fill over 130 standard bottles with wine. Different grape varieties have different yields according to factors such as the size of the grape bunch, and high-yielding vines tend to produce grapes of lower quality. The yield also varies according to the soil and climate of the vineyard. In most regulated wine-producing regions such as those under the AOC system in France there are strict limits on the maximum yield for the appellation to ensure that the finished wine is of good quality.

Origin & History of “yield”

Yield is descended from prehistoric Germanic *gelthan ‘pay’, which also produced German gelten ‘pay’ (German geld ‘money’ comes from the same base). It originally meant ‘pay’ in English too, and it seems the sense ‘surrender’, which emerged in the 13th century, may be due to the influence of French rendre ‘give’, which is used reflexively for ‘surrender’.
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