yoke

Definitions

Aviation

  • noun a type of aircraft control column by which the pilot controls ailerons by rotating a device on top of the column to the left or right
  • noun a supporting structure like the forked metal mounting for the nosewheel

Cars & Driving

  • noun forked parts of a U-joint connected by the spider

Construction

  • A tie or clamping device around column forms or over wall or footing forms to keep them from spreading as a result of lateral pressure of fresh concrete.
  • Part of a structural assembly for slipforming that keeps the forms from spreading and transfers form loads to the jacks.
  • A collar for supporting pipe.
  • A soil pipe fitting in the shape of a 'Y.'
  • pipe assembly used to install a water meter.

Electronics

  • Two or more magnetic recording heads, pole pieces, cores, or the like, which are physically joined together.
  • In a CRT, a system of coils utilized for magnetic deflection of the electron beam. One possible arrangement consists of two sets of coils, one for horizontal deflection, and the other for vertical deflection. Also called deflection yoke, or scanning yoke.

Media Studies

  • noun equipment for recording or reproducing sounds or music on more than one track simultaneously, by joining together two or more magnetic recording heads

Origin & History of “yoke”

The etymological ideal underlying yoke is of ‘joining’ – here, of joining two animals together. The word came ultimately from Indo-European *jugom, which also produced Latin jugum ‘yoke’ (source of English conjugal, jugular (16th c.), and subjugate (15th c.)), Welsh iau ‘yoke’, Czech jho ‘yoke’, Sanskrit yugám ‘yoke’, etc. The prehistoric Germanic descendant of this was *jukam (borrowed into Finnish as juko), which evolved into German joch, Dutch juk, Swedish ok, Danish aag, and English yoke. The Indo-European form itself was derived from the base *jug-, *jeug-, *joug- ‘join’, which also produced Latin jungere ‘join’ (source of English join, junction, etc) and Sanskrit yoga ‘union’ (acquired by English via Hindi as yoga (19th c.), which literally denotes ‘union with the universal spirit’).
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